Wednesday, August 13, 2014

Does Diet Affect the Development of Allergies?

Pregnant and new moms often ask me about the role of nutrition in developing allergies.  Rightfully so, over the past decade, the incidence of allergic disease has increased from 20 to 30%.  Peanut and other food allergies are rampant in schools.  Asthma in children is on the rise.  The incidence only continues to increase for unknown reasons.  They want to know- “Can diet cause or prevent allergies?” 
I’ve written before (Food Allergy- the ugly, the bad, the good....) about the complex interaction between nutrition, environmental exposures, genetics, infections and other unknowns play a role in the whether a person develops allergies or not. 

There is some promising news though….

Researchers in Europe in a quest to find the answer looked at the role of a “diverse” diet during the first year of life and the development of food allergies, asthma and atopic dermatitis (eczema).  

They followed the diets of 856 children from year 1 to 6 years of age looking at the development of eczema, allergic rhinitis, asthma and food allergies. 

What did they find? 
  • Children with a more diverse diet were at lower risk for the development of allergic disease.
  • This included- asthma, food allergies, allergic rhinitis, and eczema.

Bottom line- Does Diet Affect the Development of Allergies?
  • We don’t know the answer to the cause and more importantly, how to prevent the development of all types of allergic diseases.
  • Nutrition does appear to influence the development of allergies.
  • Eating a more diverse diet appears when you are young has an inverse relationship with the development of allergies.

 Want to read more?  Abstract

Have specific questions about allergies?  Please call the office 212-679-3574 or go to our on-line appointment scheduler .

Thursday, July 17, 2014

How Can You Travel Safely With Allergies?

Summer is finally in full swing!  Bags are packed and people are heading out of town to enjoy a respite from the city heat.  Traveling with allergies can be difficult and I've put together these easy tips that I hope will make your trip more focused on R & R and less about your allergies.

Have food allergies?

  • Do a quick search to see what restaurants in the area are friendly for those with allergies.
  • Have a travel anaphylaxis kit to carry in you carry on or purse include quick melt antihistamines and your injectable epinephrine.

Have asthma?
  • Bring an extra inhaler along with you in your bag.  You never know what kind of environmental triggers you'll be exposed to in your vacation home.
  • Check out common triggers/environmental exposures you might face in that location.  Weather.com can give you specific information about pollen and mold counts depending on where you are headed.
  • Ask your doctor to put together an emergency supply of medicine that you can bring with you in case you get sick- this will help keep you out of an unfamiliar emergency room,
Have skin allergies?
  • Bring travel size versions of your favorite sunscreens, moisturizers, shampoos/conditioners
  • Ask your doctor for a small tube of a corticosteroid to carry with you just in case; no one wants to be itchy and scratchy while on vacation
Going somewhere where they speak another language?
  • If you have food allergies  translate your food allergy before you go.  It might help to put this on a card and carry it with you to make sure there's no confusion
  • In many countries asthma and allergy medications are over the counter.  Translate your problem so you'll be able to effectively communicate with the pharmacist there.
With these simple effective tips, your vacation will be filled with laughter, love, and beautiful memories rather than a trip the doctor

Want more directed tips on allergies and travel?  Feel free to email me at jcollins@gramercyallergy.com, click here to schedule an appointment, call the office 212-679-3574 or check out our new website- www.gramercyallergy.com

Friday, June 13, 2014

And the winner is....Benzophphenones Contact Allergen of 2014!

Benzophenone recently named contact allergen of 2014! 

Now that summer is almost upon us, sunscreen allergy is a popular topic.  Even more fitting is that benzophenone was recently named contact allergy of the year by the Contact Dermatitis society of North America.

What are Benzophenones?
  • Chemical UV light absorber used in sunscreen, hair spray, shampoo, detergent bars, nail polish and plastic lens filters.
  • Originally used before the 1950's to extend the life of paints and varnishes, in the 1950's it was introduced into sunscreen.
  • Can you believe that benzophenones now rank as one of the most 4 common agents used in personal care products according to a recent article in Dermatitis!
  • It also ranks as one of the top chemicals to cause allergy!
What type of reaction can you have from Benzophenone?
  • Applying products with benzophenone can lead to:
    •  a local rash
    • a rash that come out when the sun hits it (photosensitivity),
    • itchy bumps like hives
    • a severe allergic reaction like anaphylaxis.
What should you do if you suspect you have Benzophenone allergy?

  • Talk to your allergist about being tested for chemical allergies.
  • Benzophenone allergy is one of the most common causes of contact dermatitis.
Want to read more about Benzophenone Allergy?

Need further help with an suspected benzophenone allergy?  We do patch testing in the office to all components of sunscreen.

Call us 212-679-3574 or click here to schedule an appointment.

Monday, June 2, 2014

Why do Apples and Other Fruits Make My Mouth Itch?

Wow doesn't the fruit in the farmers markets and grocery stores look delicious?  It's such a treat to see fresh cherries, nectarines, and peaches.  But for many, biting into these fruits can make their mouth and lips itch! In some cases, small blisters might form. Bizarre right?  And isn't it funny that they can eat them when they are cooked or peeled? 

So what's going on?  Can you really be allergic to raw fruit?  Yes!

Why do Apples and Other Fruits Make My Mouth Itch?
  • This is a common problem called oral allergy syndrome. 
  •  People allergic to raw fruits are most likely also allergic to tree or weed pollens.
  • The protein that causes the allergy is heat sensitive.  Heating it changes it so that it doesn't cause a reaction.
  • Many people think it's the pesticides on the fruit that causes the itching. 
  • Actually the protein is also present on many tree fruits and nuts.  Apple being the most common offender, but any of the stone fruits (cherries, plums, nectarines, and peaches) and other "tree" fruits like pears can cause the problem. 
Want more information about oral allergy syndrome or have an allergy question you need answered?  Call the office for an appointment 212-679-3574 or click here to schedule an appointment.

Wednesday, May 7, 2014

How Do You Recognize Allergic Asthma?

Wow! The weather outside has finally turned beautiful and looks like we've finally shaken this sticky winter.  But spring for everyone isn't a time of joy.  Symptoms of nasal congestion, itchy watery eyes, and sneezing are common this time of the year.  But what about coughing, chest tightness of shortness of breath?  Could you have allergic asthma?

What are Signs of Allergic Asthma?
  • A dry cough that happens seasonally or with other triggers like animals or dust exposure.
  • Chest tightness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling tired or run down
  • Not being able to exercise for as long as you'd like
What Should you Do if you Have Allergic Asthma?
  • If you have asthma medication then start it at the first sign.
  • Use your rescue inhaler before going outside
  • Know what your triggers are.  See an allergist to get tested.
  • If sympotms are uncontrolled, you need to go to the emergency room for allergy treatments during the spring, then seek out an allergist.  They can help you control your allergies better thereby controlling your asthma
Need help or other tips on your allergic asthma?  Schedule an appointment with us here or call the office for a same day appointment 212-679-3574.

Tuesday, April 29, 2014

Why Is This Going To Be The Worst Pollen Season Ever?

"This is going to be the worst pollen season ever!"  "The pollen vortex is coming our way". 

You might be wondering what's going on. Is this just sensationalism in the news?  Or is there any truth to these claims?  If so, why are the seasons getting worse?  What actually makes for the worst pollen season ever?

What makes for the worst pollen season ever?

  • This spring it's been hot and cold.  The warm days we've had have been pleasant relief from this sticky winter, but trigger trees to start blooming and producing pollen
  • Low levels of pollen during these warm days "prime" our immune systems towards the pollen. 
  • When the pollen gets into full force in the spring, because our systems are primed, it takes less pollen to trigger a reaction

Are the allergy seasons getting worse? 

  • Warmer temperatures and shorter winter stretches are prolonging the pollinating seasons for plants.  
  • Plants are producing increased amounts of pollen.
  • Some believe that the increase in the warmer months is producing stronger pollen.
  • Longer exposure to pollens means that your allergy symptoms will be longer.
  • Increases in CO2 (carbon dioxide) causes plants to grow faster and more robust.  This may be an untold consequence of global warming on pollen.

So there may be some truth to the claim that it is going to be the worst pollen season ever.

Don't fear though, knowing what you're allergic to, early use of medications to prevent symptoms, and talking to your doctor or an allergist/immunologist can help you stay healthy and enjoy the spring.

Need more tips on how to battle your allergies?  Call the office 212-679-3574 or click here Schedule an Appointment  to schedule an appointment.

Wednesday, April 23, 2014

What's New to Treat Allergy?

The past few weeks have been very exciting for allergy treatments!

Several new medications are available to help patients with itchy watery eyes, runny nose, sneezing, nasal congestion and even hives!

Have Chronic Hives?
  • Recently, Xolair (omalizumab) was approved for the treatment of chronic hives. 
  •  Xolair is an injectable medication that binds to a protein (IgE) that triggers an allergic reaction in the body.  This medication is highly effective for hives and helps reduce symptoms in as little as a week. 
  • For the past decade we've been using Xolair in the treatment of asthma and it's relatively safe
  • The medication is given as a monthly injection and helps reduce steroid use.
  • Want more information?  Call the office and we can discuss in person
Are you Allergic to Grass and or Ragweed Pollen?
  • Great news for grass and/or ragweed pollen suffers- there is now a tablet you can take to help reduce symptoms associated with pollen allergy.
  • The grass (Grasteck) and ragweed (Ragwitek) tablets need to be started about 12 week before the season starts.
  • They are daily tablets you leave in your mouth for about 1 minute.
  • They help reduce symptoms by about 27% in studies.
  • These are great options if you don't want to do allergy shots, but have symptoms in the summer and fall.
Stay tuned, there's a lot happening in the world of allergy and we are here to help.

Want more information?  Call the office for an appointment- 212-679-3574 or click here to schedule online.